Home

   Coins

      Half Cents

      Large Cents

      Flying Eagle Cents

      Indian Head Cents

      Lincoln Cents

      Two Cent Pieces

      Silver Three Cent Pieces

      Nickel Three Cent Pieces

      Shield Nickels

      Liberty Head Nickels

      Buffalo Nickels

      Jefferson Nickels

      Half Dimes

      Bust Dimes

      Seated Liberty Dimes

      Barber Dimes

      Mercury Dimes

      Roosevelt Dimes

      Twenty Cent Pieces

      Bust Quarters

      Seated Liberty Quarters

      Barber Quarters

      Standing Liberty Quarters

      Washington Quarters

      State Quarters

      Bust Half Dollars

      Seated Liberty Half Dollars

      Barber Half Dollars

      Walking Liberty Half Dollars

      Franklin Half Dollars

      Kennedy Half Dollars

      Bust Dollars

      Seated Liberty Dollars

      Trade Dollars

      Morgan Dollars

      Peace Dollars

      Eisenhower Dollar

      Sacagawea Dollar

      Gold Dollars

      Gold Quarter Eagle

      Gold Three Dollar Pieces

      Gold Half Eagles

      Gold Eagles

      Gold Double Eagle

      U.S. Mint Sets

      U.S. Proof Sets

      Error Coins

      Coin Collecting Supplies

Articles:

U.S. Coin Grading

Words Standing For Money

Find Popular Coins on eBay!

Confederate Currency
and
Confederate Notes

Liberty and Indian Princess Head Gold Dollars 1849 to 1889

The first gold dollars made in the United States were privately minted issues produced about 1830 by a German immigrant named Alt Christoph Bechtler. The first One Dollar Gold Coin wasn't produced until 1849 by the U.S. Mint, and the California gold rush provided the spark. The discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in 1848 energized Congress to expand existing uses of the metal into U.S. coinage.

On March 3, 1849, Congress passed legislation authorizing not only gold dollars but also $20 gold pieces. James Barton Longacre, the U.S. Mint's chief engraver designed the new one dollar gold coin.

For the United States first Dollar coin, Longacre came up with an interesting obverse design. A left-facing portrait of Miss Liberty with a small crown, in her hair.

Miss Liberty is encircled by 13 stars, symbolic of the 13 original colonies. The dollar's reverse is a simple design because of the coin's small size. It has the denomination 1 DOLLAR and the date within a simple wreath, which is encircled by the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

1849 Type 1 Gold Dollar 1849 Type 1 Gold Dollar reverse

1849 Type 1 Gold Dollar

During their six years of production, Type 1 gold dollars were struck at five different mints, Philadelphia, PA (no mint mark), Charlotte, NC (C), Dahlonega, GA (D), New Orleans, LA (O) and San Francisco, CA (S). However, only the Philadelphia and Dahlonega mints issued them every year.

1855 Type 2 Gold Dollar 1855 Type 2 Gold Dollar reverse

1855 Type 2 (small head) Gold Dollar

By 1854 a new design by Longacre for the one dollar coin was made due to the small size of the Type 1. The 1854 (Type 2) piece was made larger in diameter and was much thinner. Its obverse features a left-facing portrait of a female figure wearing a fancy headdress. The female figure is frequently described as being an Indian princess, and the coin is commonly known as the Indian Head type. The reverse design shows the date and denomination within a wreath of corn, cotton, wheat and tobacco.

Liberty and Indian Princess Head Gold Dollars 1849 to 1889

Liberty Gold Dollars For Sale

$1 Liberty Head Gold Type 1 MS-62 NGC/PCGS - SKU #22173

$312.49
End Date: Tuesday Feb-27-2018 8:39:11 PST
Buy It Now for only: $312.49
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1849-D Liberty Gold Coin $1 ANACS AU-53 Cleaned Details Reverse Lamination

$2,995.00
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 13:00:14 PST
Buy It Now for only: $2,995.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1851 $1 Liberty Head Gold Dollar NGC AU53

$285.00
End Date: Monday Feb-26-2018 6:10:41 PST
Buy It Now for only: $285.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1851 $ Gold Liberty Dollar MS65 NGC

$2,350.00
End Date: Monday Feb-26-2018 13:30:31 PST
Buy It Now for only: $2,350.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1854 Type 1 $ Gold Liberty MS64 PCGS

$900.00
End Date: Monday Feb-26-2018 13:13:09 PST
Buy It Now for only: $900.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1854 $1 Liberty Gold Dollar PCGS AU58 Type 1 - *DoubleJCoins* - AF112

$359.95
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 18:09:57 PST
Buy It Now for only: $359.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1853 Gold $1 Type 1 Liberty NGC UNC Details Improperly Cleaned -161299

$208.05
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 12:18:45 PST
Buy It Now for only: $208.05
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1853 Gold $1 Type 1 Liberty NGC AU Details Scratch -161298

$208.05
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 12:24:58 PST
Buy It Now for only: $208.05
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1853 Liberty Head Gold One Dollar Coin Lightly Cleaned

$259.95
End Date: Sunday Feb-25-2018 10:39:32 PST
Buy It Now for only: $259.95
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1854 $1 Liberty Head Type 1 Gold Dollar NGC MS62 Uncirculated

$404.99
End Date: Monday Feb-26-2018 15:13:04 PST
Buy It Now for only: $404.99
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Indian Gold Dollars For Sale

1855-O Type 2 Indian Gold Dollar (G$1 Coin) - NGC AU Details - Rare "O" Mint!

$841.30
End Date: Wednesday Feb-28-2018 0:21:47 PST
Buy It Now for only: $841.30
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1869 Indian Gold Dollar Coin G$1 - NGC Uncirculated (UNC MS) - Just 5925 Minted!

$695.00 (0 Bids)
End Date: Thursday Mar-1-2018 21:48:42 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

1855-O Type 2 Indian Gold Dollar (G$1 Coin) - PCGS AU Details - Rare "O" Mint!

$747.30
End Date: Tuesday Feb-27-2018 20:45:45 PST
Buy It Now for only: $747.30
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1885 Indian Gold Dollar Coin G$1 - Certified PCGS Uncirculated Details (UNC MS)!

$531.10
End Date: Tuesday Feb-27-2018 19:22:56 PST
Buy It Now for only: $531.10
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1862 $1.00 Indian Princess Gold PCGS AU 55 Exact Coin Shown - FREE Shipping

$81.00 (4 Bids)
End Date: Thursday Mar-1-2018 18:29:01 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

1855-O Type 2 Indian Dollar Gold Coin (G$1) - VF Details - Rare New Orleans Coin

$295.00
End Date: Tuesday Feb-27-2018 18:20:31 PST
Buy It Now for only: $295.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1913 Gold $2.50 INDIAN HEAD Coin, 90% Gold, US MINT 'Quarter Eagle' Nice Details

$68.00 (18 Bids)
End Date: Tuesday Mar-6-2018 17:46:12 PST
Bid now | Add to watch list

1862 INDIAN PRINCESS GOLD DOLLAR $1 NGC MS62

$525.00
End Date: Monday Mar-26-2018 18:42:29 PDT
Buy It Now for only: $525.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1874 Indian Princess Head Gold Dollar - Circulated *Condition: Hole *4932

$169.00
End Date: Saturday Mar-3-2018 17:26:15 PST
Buy It Now for only: $169.00
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

1855-O Type 2 Indian Gold Dollar (G$1 Coin) - PCGS XF Details - Rare "O" Mint!

$559.30
End Date: Tuesday Feb-27-2018 16:55:00 PST
Buy It Now for only: $559.30
Buy It Now | Add to watch list

Being 15% larger in diameter, this Type 2 gold dollar was easier to keep track of—and less likely to get lost—than its predecessor had been. Because of the striking difficulties, Longacre had to go back to the drawing board yet again, and the Type 2 dollar lasted only until 1856 before giving way to a Type 3.

1859 Type 3 Gold Dollar 1859 Type 3 Gold Dollar reverse

1859 Type 3 (large Head) Gold Dollar

In 1856 the U.S. Mint produced yet another One Dollar Gold coin (Type 3). The type 2 didn't strike very well and was quickly worn down. So Longacre made the portrait larger, but also flatter. Besides enlarging the portrait’s size, Longacre also moved the inscription UNITED STATES OF AMERICA closer to the border on the obverse. Minor changes were made in the reverse.


Home | Site Map | Privacy Policy | Links

This site is Copyright Farber and Associates, LLC 2005-2014, All Rights Reserved